The Houston Chronicle‘s recent articles on cycling fatalities highlight the heartbreaking fact that immediate work is needed to enable safe road access for all users. Houston has the unfortunate distinction of being among the cities with the highest cyclist and pedestrian fatality rates in the country.
As avid cyclists, we have certainly had our fair number of close calls, whether from drivers failing to yield to being forced to ride in dangerous streets without sidewalks or bicycle lanes to provide a safe passing distance. We’ve also had friends and colleagues killed and injured. So make no mistake: This is extremely personal to us. As we mourn the loss of these lives, we must work harder on engineering, policy and education at both the state and local level to prevent future tragedies.
We applaud the Houston Police Department and Harris County district attorney for their ongoing efforts in the Chelsea Norman hit-and-run fatality, as well as Mayor Annise Parker and the Houston City Council for passing a Complete Streets Plan and the Safe Passing Ordinance. But more must be done, and it is time to get serious about planning and building legitimate bicycle lanes.
The city of Houston urgently needs to update its Master Bicycle Plan, last done in 1996. This will establish the best and worst streets for cycling and give the Public Works Department a clear set of priorities for improved bike lane development. Channeling cyclists onto the safe routes will improve the experience for all road users. Many cities are learning and changing, and we, too, must address this problem more proactively.
Recent successes include the bond referendum supporting the Bayou Greenways initiative and the passage of House Bill 200 in the last legislative session, which supports the development of paths in utility corridors. These changes will help transform Houston through a system of trails and green space. However, without a well-thought-out network of bike lanes to move people into and away from these linear parks, we will be faced with more riders on streets designed only for automobiles. A master bicycle plan and proper bike lanes will be critical to providing a safe way for people in all neighborhoods to get to and from these paths and use their bicycles for transportation as well as recreation. While a white stripe on the road will not stop an impaired motorist, there is no question that meeting national standards for width or physical separations will decrease the probability of a car colliding with a cyclist.
In addition to a safe infrastructure, more public education on road safety and enforcement of traffic laws will help make certain that all road users are safe. Drivers can save lives by paying attention to the road and refraining from texting. They should also always give cyclists a wide pass, obey the speed limits and be vigilant at intersections.
Cyclists have a duty, too. They can help by making sure they are visible, planning their routes carefully and complying with all traffic laws. It is also important for families to model safe behaviors for their children when bicycling, such as wearing helmets and obeying traffic signs.
Livable communities are important to the improvement of Texans’ safety and health. We must begin planning and developing an inclusive infrastructure that accommodates motorists, cyclists and pedestrians. Adding sidewalks and lanes for bicycles not only makes our roads safer, but also adds economic value to communities and improves the quality of life for residents. Street improvements encourage walking and cycling for health, mitigate traffic congestion for short trips, and help improve air quality.
At the state level, bipartisan legislation has been introduced in multiple legislative sessions to improve street design and operation and establish a safe passing distance around unprotected road users. Unfortunately, these bills have yet to become law. Although some Texas cities and communities have begun to embrace multimodal street transportation, the state should do more to lead efforts and guarantee that each community is uniquely suited to handle its respective mobility needs.
Over time, these engineering initiatives, policy changes and education efforts will reduce fatalities and injuries. Let’s all do our part individually as we work to ensure that all users can safely enjoy the road.
Ellis, a Democrat, represents Houston in the Texas Senate. Payne is executive director of BikeHouston.